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Strategies for reducing Road Accidents. 
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Introduction.

Education.

Engineering.

Legislation.

Enforcement.

Medical.

The Future.
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Introduction.
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There are many different Strategies for reducing the number of people that are killed and injured on the roads... though generally they are grouped together under the broad headings of the 3 'E's, meaning... Education: Engineering: and Enforcement.  Though the present numbers may seem high a great deal has been achieved over the last 40 years or so... [the UK hit a high of 7,985 in 1966... down to 3,172 in 2006... despite a huge increase in traffic volume]... without this progress 'Death Rates' on the roads could be triple their present levels.
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It is safe to say... that most people would agree with the objective of making the roads safer... but the one area that is likely to produce strong differences of opinion are those concerning, 'Enforcement'. 
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The following sections look at some different approaches and also their limitations.  
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Education.
Most 'education' is concentrated in the period before drivers take their driving tests... though 'learning' should be a life long process.  Even if training standards are improved and driving tests are made more difficult it will in no way ensure that a new driver will heed these lessons once let loose on the roads.  Within a few months, many young drivers develop a completely unrealistic view of their driving capabilities... many already considering themselves better than average.  The facts speak for themselves... in the first two years after passing their tests new drivers are 5-10 times more likely to be involved in an accident than an 'experienced' driver.  However good the initial education... once out on the road the dominant influences become their 'peers' and the general 'Road Culture'.  'Education' needs to be an ongoing process... but 'targeted' at specific individuals with specific problems. 
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Attempting to bombarding every driver: [regardless of the level of their experience] with the same simplistic messages will have very limited results!
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Engineering.
This section covers the design and construction of roads and all the vehicles on them.  Some aspects of design are to help drivers avoid having accidents... [active safety] while others are there to minimize injury in the event of an accident... [passive safety.]  Building safer roads is a very expensive business... safety aspects include things like... crash barriers: traffic lights: cycle routes: pedestrian crossings: junction layouts: etc. etc. these things benefit all road users.  On vehicles, safety aspects include... [active] steering, brakes, tyres... [passive] seat belts: airbags: SIPS: crumple zones: etc. etc. the level of safety features varies a great deal... it's up to the individual what priority is placed on safety features... often this will be determined by the cost factor. 
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On the downside... [active] better performance does not necessarily mean safer... [passive] the safer drivers feel in their vehicles, the more blasť they become about having an accident... so it is possible to see the death and injury rate drop while the accident rate actually rises... and insurance premiums soar.
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Legislation.
[Which can also come under the broad heading of Enforcement.]  Passing a 'Law' can be a very cost effective way of saving lives, for instance... making the wearing of crash helmets or seat belts compulsory.  But, these Laws need to be easy to understand.  It is easy to inform people of one simple law... must wear a seat-belt.  But when they become too complicated people forget them... as is now the case with seat-belts for children.  Under a certain age a baby must be in a capsule... under another age they must be in a children's seat... if under a certain height... 4'7'' ??? was it? must have a "booster seat".  Now something that was very simple... unexpectedly being asked to give a child a lift home from school... you have to remember the Law... find a measuring stick... and then supply a booster seat which you don't have.  You are then in a position where you either break the Law... or you leave the kid to walk home on their own!  Bad Laws like this just make life worse for everyone.
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Unfortunately... getting one simple Law passed can take literally years.
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In highly developed countries there are certainly no shortage of Laws.  They cover every single aspect of vehicles, roads and their use... but all to often these laws are effective when Policing the law-abiding majority... and totally ineffective against the habitual law-breaker.  This is the one area that is likely to causes most debate among ordinary users... exactly how should those Laws be fairly and effectively Enforced... against everyone.
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Enforcement.
This is the area that 'Road Supervisors' is concerned with.  When 'Enforcement' is done badly it can result in handing out high numbers of fines and driving bans while making little difference to the accident rate.  At its worst it can be perceived as a cynical exercise in revenue raising and alienate the Police from the law-abiding majority.
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This is a thankless task... resources are scarce, so the Police cannot be everywhere at once... and yet they are expected to be effective without appearing heavy handed.
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The Road Supervisors' Network is about 'supporting' the Police in this important task... taking some of the burden of responsibility off their shoulders and building positive relations between them and the ordinary road user.  Road Supervisors could take over the main task of monitoring their fellow road users and dealing with minor problems on the road... while leaving the Police to attend emergency situations and 'Enforce' the law whenever necessary. 
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It is generally accepted that the one aspect of driving which the Authorities have not managed to get to grips with is drivers' Attitudes and their subsequent Behaviour.  Giving out tickets and fines is an attempt to change driver behaviour... to reduce high-risk activity... but it has a long way to go before it is really effective.
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Medical.
Anyone involved in an accident will be happy to see quick, professional medical help arrive on the scene, at the earliest possible moment.  Many lives are now saved thanks to modern medicine... but there is no doubt... that preventing the accident in the first place would be far better for everyone.
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The Future...
There are many new technologies in the pipeline.  Most seem to aim at providing the State with more efficient ways of monitoring, controlling or punishing its citizens.  Things like ISA, EVI, Black-boxes and various kinds of cameras... all very expensive for a whole country to implement... none are likely to be very effective... and will probably cause more problems than they solve.
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