The Concept
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Licences.

[Details]

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Introduction.
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This section... is not concerned with individual classes of licences... like those for Motorbikes... or Trucks.  It is concerned with the process of going from a Learner's licence to a Full licence and losing a licence for whatever reason.
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The process... of going from a beginner... to the holder of a Full driver's licence... varies a great deal between one country and another.  For young drivers particularly, the chances of being involved in an accident in the first two years after passing their driving test is 5-10 times higher than for an experienced driver: [approx. 1 in 3 can expect to be involved in an accident in the first 2 years.]  Some countries have a 'Graduated' licence system... others use a 'Probationary' licence system.  At Road Supervisors we favour a combination of the two... which is more complex and would certainly require a lot more effort... but we believe, should be more successful... and without doubt a very worthwhile exercise.
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Licences.
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Graduated Licence. 
This involves a gradual easing of restrictions as a driver gains more experience: [or at least as time goes by] provided they do not get themselves into trouble.  
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The type of restrictions might include...
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  • Time restrictions: imposing a curfew from 12 midnight to 5 in the morning.
  • Limitations on the type of vehicle which can be used: i.e. no high-performance Cars or Motorbikes.
  • Lower permitted levels of alcohol in the blood.
  • Passengers slowly increased from zero to one then to three.
  • Compulsory display of a 'P' plate: ['P' for Probationary] for identification.
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Probationary Licence. 
Again this will vary from country to country... but basically it means that many restrictions are imposed only after a driver has got into some sort of trouble: [which in some circumstances may be to late.]
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Some initial restrictions might include...
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  • Lower permitted levels of alcohol in the blood.
  • Fewer points available on their licence: [so it is lost more easily.]
  • Compulsory: [or voluntary] displaying of a 'P' plate.
  • High performance vehicles might only be restricted in the sense that they are very expensive to insure for young drivers.
  • And then, there is always the threat of Fines and driving Bans.
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Graduated Licence: [our system]
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Learner: Probationary: Full: Advanced.
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After passing a driving test we believe this should be viewed as 'Stage 2' for learner drivers... though many of them might not think so, there is still a great deal for them to learn.  The system we advocate incorporates many aspects of the 'Graduated' licence... but, less initial restrictions... closer monitoring of drivers by making Information about them easily available to those in 'positions of influence': [i.e. their Family] more alternative restrictions as their points total increases... including compulsory attendance of courses: [depending on the nature of any identified problems] and a number of specific 'Targets' to aim for.
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Initial Restrictions.
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  • Compulsory display of a 'P' plate: [or its equivalent.]
  • Lower blood alcohol levels.
  • Passengers limited to three.
  • No 'High-Performance' Cars or Motorbikes.
  • Less points available on their licence: [50 points under a 100 point system.]
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Close Monitoring.
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  • Probationary drivers should be easy to spot with a Compulsory 'P' plate.
  • Police would more likely stop and make 'checks' on Probationary drivers.
  • Road Supervisors would be more likely to report Probationary drivers if they were driving in a dangerous or aggressive manner.
  • Families would hopefully get an early warning of any problems developing.
  • Review Panels would spend time and effort trying to improve the driving skills and attitudes of the young: inexperienced: and any 'high-risk' drivers.
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Information Available.
To Families: Employers: Colleges: Insurance companies: Review Panels: Police: Courts: etc. etc.  At present a very limited amount of Information is available or none at all.  If you are not aware that a problem exists, how can you do anything about it?  This system would help identify drivers who were posing a 'high-risk' [to themselves as well as others] the precise nature of those risks... and put in place a mechanism to reduce that risk.
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Alternative Restrictions.
Two important elements in becoming a good driver are 'Practice' and 'Feedback'.  With up to 50 points available each year a driver could expect to receive quite a number of Reports... each one should provide some Feedback from an experienced driver: [and include an 'educational' Insert covering every offence mentioned] so if a person was not making satisfactory progress, it shouldn't take that long before the fact was brought to their attention.  As a driver's points total increased more and more restrictions would be introduced...
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'Targets' to aim for: might include...
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  • 15 points... or less in order to 'graduate' to a Full licence.
  • At 25 points... a driver's 'File' would be reviewed... they might be called to appear before a Review Panel.  Insurance premiums could be 'loaded' by 25% [every extra 5 points would see an additional 5% added.]
  • After 25 points... any 'serious' incident could see a driver being asked to appear before a Review Panel.
  • At 35 points... a driver would definitely be asked to appear before a Review Panel... first restrictions might be imposed, reduction in the number of passengers from 3 down to 1.
  • At 40 points... passengers would be reduced from 1 to zero.
  • At 45 points... a 12 midnight to 5 a.m. curfew would come into force... and drivers could be called back at every point up to 50 points.
  • At 50 points... a driver would have to go back and retake their driving test.
Once a driver had started... to appear before a Review Panel a number of different options could be made available, depending on the nature of the problems.  Compulsory attendance of certain courses, aimed at their 'problems': reappearance and review every time the points total increased by another 5 points: having to submit their own 'plan of action' for reducing their points total: and knowing that failure to co-operate could mean the suspension or cancellation of their licence.
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Senior Drivers.  
Statistically... as we get older our risk of being involved in an accident starts to increase.  Those older drivers identified as 'high-risk' might benefit from displaying an 'S' plate: ['S' for Senior: or its equivalent] same class as a Probationary licence... possibly some restrictions introduced: or retraining: with the intention of helping these 'Senior' drivers maintain their independence as long as possible and as safely as possible.
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Full: Advanced.
This system is 'Graduated' in the sense that drivers would have to work their way up through the system: from Learner - Probationary - Full - and then Advanced: but could also slip back if their driving was of a poor standard.  Accumulate a high number of points... slip back to being a Probationary driver... and all the restrictions of that licence would be applicable again.
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Road Supervisors

Senior Road Supervisors  

New Points System

Licences.  

Files. 

Social Pressure

Review Panels

Offences.

Information: Data.